Figure 1: Treatment of HeLa cells with staurosporine stimulates cleavage of caspase-3 protein, detected by PathScan® Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7190 (top figure), but does not affect the level of total caspase-3 protein detected by western blot (bottom figure), using Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Antibody #9661 (upper panel) or Caspase-3 Antibody #9662 (lower panel).
Figure 2: Linear relationship between protein concentration of staurosporine-treated HeLa cell lysates and kit assay optical density readings. HeLa cells (90% confluence) were treated with staurosporine (1 uM), and lysed after incubation at 37ºC for 3 hours.
|7190C||1 Kit (96 assays)||N/A|
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|Caspase-3 Rabbit Detection Antibody (Biotinylated)||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|HRP-Linked Streptavidin (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
CST's PathScan® Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of cleaved caspase-3 protein. A Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Rabbit mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, the cleaved caspase-3 protein is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, a Biotinylated Caspase-3 Rabbit Antibody is added to detect the captured cleaved caspase-3 protein. HRP-linked streptavidin is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of optical density for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of cleaved caspase-3 protein.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
CST's PathScan® Cleaved Caspase-3 (Asp175) Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of cleaved caspase-3 protein in human cell lines. Using this ELISA kit #7190, a significant induction of cleaved caspase-3 at aspartic acid 175 can be seen in staurosporine-treated HeLa cells, while the level of total caspase-3, analyzed by western blot using Caspase-3 Antibody #9662, remains unchanged (Figure 1). Jurkat cells treated with etoposide show similar results (data not shown). This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Caspase-3 (CPP-32, Apoptain, Yama, SCA-1) is a critical executioner of apoptosis, as it is either partially or totally responsible for the proteolytic cleavage of many key proteins, such as the nuclear enzyme poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) (1). Activation of caspase-3 requires proteolytic processing of its inactive zymogen into activated p17 and p12 fragments. Cleavage of caspase-3 requires the aspartic acid residue at the P1 position (2).
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