Figure 1: Constitutive phosphorylation of Axl in NCI-H2347 cells lysed in the presence of phosphatase inhibitors* (phospho lysate) is detected by PathScan® Phospho-Axl (panTyr) Sandwich ELISA Kit #7042 (top, right). In contrast, a low level of phospho-Axl protein is detected in NCI-H2347 cells lysed in the absence of phosphatase inhibitors* (nonphospho lysate). Similar levels of total Axl protein from both nonphospho or phospho lysates are detected by PathScan® Total Axl Sandwich ELISA Kit #7040 (top, left). Absorbance at 450 nm is shown in the top figure while corresponding western blots using a phospho-Axl (Tyr814) rabbit antibody (right) or a total Axl (C44G1) Rabbit mAb #4566 (left) are shown in the bottom figure. *Phosphatase inhibitors include sodium pyrophosphate, β-glycerophosphate and Na3VO4.
Figure 2: The relationship between protein concentration of phospho or nonphospho lysates and the absorbance at 450 nm is shown. NCI-H2347 cells were cultured (85% confluence) and lysed with or without the addition of phosphatase inhibitor to the lysis buffer (phospho or nonphospho lysate).
|7040C||1 Kit (96 assays)||N/A|
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|Axl Mouse mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|Axl Rabbit Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
The PathScan® Total Axl Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of total Axl protein. An Axl mouse antibody has been coated on the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, Axl protein (phospho and nonphospho) is captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, an Axl rabbit antibody is added to detect captured Axl protein. Anti-rabbit IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate TMB is added to develop color. The magnitude of the absorbance for this developed color is proportional to the quantity of total Axl protein.
Antibodies in kit are custom formulations specific to kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
CST's PathScan® Total Axl Sandwich ELISA Kit #7040 detects endogenous levels of total Axl protein in human cells, as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Axl, Sky, and Mer are three members of a receptor tyrosine kinase (RTK) family that share a conserved intracellular tyrosine kinase domain and an extracellular domain similar to those seen in cell adhesion molecules. These RTKs bind the vitamin K-dependent protein growth-arrest-specific 6 (Gas6), which is structurally related to the protein S anticoagulation factor (1). Upon binding to its receptor, Gas6 activates phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) and its downstream targets Akt and S6K, as well as NF-κB (2,3). A large body of evidence supports a role for Gas6/Axl signaling in cell growth and survival in normal and cancer cells (4).
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