Western blot analysis of various cell lysates from cell lines expressing Bcr-Abl fusion proteins, using Bcr-Abl (b2a2 Junction Specific) (L99H4) Mouse mAb (upper) and c-Abl Antibody #2862 (lower).Learn more about how we get our images.
For western blots, incubate membrane with diluted primary antibody in 5% w/v nonfat dry milk, 1X TBS, 0.1% Tween® 20 at 4°C with gentle shaking, overnight.
NOTE: Please refer to primary antibody datasheet or product webpage for recommended antibody dilution.
From sample preparation to detection, the reagents you need for your Western Blot are now in one convenient kit: #12957 Western Blotting Application Solutions Kit
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalent grade water.
Load 20 µl onto SDS-PAGE gel (10 cm x 10 cm).
NOTE: Volumes are for 10 cm x 10 cm (100 cm2) of membrane; for different sized membranes, adjust volumes accordingly.
* Avoid repeated exposure to skin.
posted June 2005
revised November 2013
Reprobing of an existing membrane is a convenient means to immunoblot for multiple proteins independently when only a limited amount of sample is available. It should be noted that for the best possible results a fresh blot is always recommended. Reprobing can be a valuable method but with each reprobing of a blot there is potential for increased background signal. Additionally, it is recommended that you verify the removal of the first antibody complex prior to reprobing so that signal attributed to binding of the new antibody is not leftover signal from the first immunoblotting experiment. This can be done by re-exposing the blot to ECL reagents and making sure there is no signal prior to adding the next primary antibody.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
posted June 2005
revised June 2016
Protocol Id: 19
Supplied in 10 mM sodium HEPES (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 100 µg/ml BSA, 50% glycerol and less than 0.02% sodium azide. Store at –20°C. Do not aliquot the antibody.
Bcr-Abl (b2a2 Junction Specific) (L99H4) Mouse mAb detects endogenous levels of Bcr-Abl (b2a2) fusion proteins. This antibody does not cross-react with the b3a2 isoform of Bcr-Abl.
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic peptide corresponding to the b2a2 junction site sequence of human Bcr-Abl.
The Bcr gene was orginally identified by its presence in the chimeric Bcr-Abl oncogene (1). The amino-terminal region of Bcr contains an oligomerization domain, a serine/threonine kinase domain, and a region that binds SH2 domains. The middle of the protein has a PH domain and a region of sequence similarity to the guanine nucleotide exchange factors for the Rho family of GTP binding proteins. The carboxy-terminal region may be involved in a GTPase activating function for the small GTP-binding protein Rac (2,3). The function of wild type Bcr in cells remains unclear. PDGF receptor may use Bcr as a downstream signaling mediator (4). Research studies have shown that the Bcr-Abl fusion results in production of a constitutively active tyrosine kinase, which causes chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) (5). Tyr177 of Bcr is phosphorylated in the Bcr-Abl fusion protein, which plays an important role in transforming the activity of Bcr-Abl (6). Phosphorylated Tyr177 provides a docking site for Gab2 and GRB2 (7,8).
The fusion protein encoded by Bcr-Abl varies in size, depending on the breakpoint in the BCR gene. Three breakpoint cluster regions have been characterized to date: major (M-bcr), minor (m-bcr) and micro (mu-bcr). The overwhelming majority of CML patients have a p210 Bcr-Abl gene (M-bcr), whose mRNA transcripts have a b3a2 and/or a b2a2 junction. The smallest of the fusion proteins, p190 Bcr-Abl, (m-bcr breakpoint) is principally associated with Ph-positive ALL. Rare cases of CML are due to a p190-type of Bcr-Abl gene and in these, the disease tends to have a prominent monocytic component, resembling CMML. CML resulting from a p230 Bcr-Abl gene (mu-bcr breakpoint) is also rare, and has been associated with the CNL variant and/or with marked thrombocytosis. Exceptional CML cases have been described with Bcr breakpoints outside the three defined cluster regions, or with unusual breakpoints in Abl (9).
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