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36786
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet
Primary Antibodies
Antibody Duet

PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet #36786

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PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet: Image 1
Western blot analysis of extracts from various cell lines using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb.
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet: Image 2
Western blot analysis of HT-29 cells, untreated (-) or treated with combinations of the following treatments as indicated: Z-VAD (20 μM, added 30 min prior to other compounds; +), human TNF-α (hTNF-α, 20 ng/ml, 7 hr; +), SM-164 (100 nM, 7 hr; +), and necrostatin-1 (Nec-1, 50 μM, 7 hr; +), using Phospho-RIP (Ser166) (D1L3S) Rabbit mAb (upper) or β-Actin (D6A8) Rabbit mAb #8457 (lower).
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet: Image 3
Western blot analysis of extracts from HeLa cells, untransfected or transfected with human RIP construct, using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb.
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet: Image 4
Confocal immunofluorescent analysis of OVCAR8 cells using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb (green). Blue pseudocolor = DRAQ5® #4084 (fluorescent DNA dye).
PhosphoPlus® RIP (Ser166) Antibody Duet: Image 5
Flow cytometric analysis of control MEF cells (green) or RIP knockout MEF cells (blue) using RIP (D94C12) XP® Rabbit mAb (solid lines) or concentration matched Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control #3900 (dashed lines). Anti-rabbit IgG (H+L), F(ab')2 Fragment (Alexa Fluor® 488 Conjugate) #4412 was used as a secondary antibody.
To Purchase # 36786
Cat. # Size Qty. Price
36786S
1 Kit N/A

Product Description

PhosphoPlus® Duets from Cell Signaling Technology (CST) provide a means to assess protein activation status. Each Duet contains an activation-state and total protein antibody to your target of interest. These antibodies have been selected from CST's product offering based upon superior performance in specified applications.
MW (kDa) 78-82

Background

The receptor-interacting protein (RIP) family of serine-threonine kinases (RIP, RIP2, RIP3, and RIP4) are important regulators of cellular stress that trigger pro-survival and inflammatory responses through the activation of NF-κB, as well as pro-apoptotic pathways (1). In addition to the kinase domain, RIP contains a death domain responsible for interaction with the death domain receptor Fas and recruitment to TNF-R1 through interaction with TRADD (2,3). RIP-deficient cells show a failure in TNF-mediated NF-κB activation, making the cells more sensitive to apoptosis (4,5). RIP also interacts with TNF-receptor-associated factors (TRAFs) and can recruit IKKs to the TNF-R1 signaling complex via interaction with NEMO, leading to IκB phosphorylation and degradation (6,7). Overexpression of RIP induces both NF-κB activation and apoptosis (2,3). Caspase-8-dependent cleavage of the RIP death domain can trigger the apoptotic activity of RIP (8).
Necroptosis, a regulated pathway for necrotic cell death, is triggered by a number of inflammatory signals including cytokines in the tumor necrosis factor (TNF) family, pathogen sensors such as toll-like receptors (TLRs), and ischemic injury (9,10). The process is negatively regulated by caspases and is initiated through a complex containing the RIP and RIP3 kinases, typically referred to as the necrosome. Necroptosis is inhibited by a small molecule inhibitor of RIP, necrostatin-1 (Nec-1) (11). Research studies show that necroptosis contributes to a number of pathological conditions, and Nec-1 has been shown to provide neuroprotection in models such as ischemic brain injury (12). RIP is phosphorylated at several sites within the kinase domain that are sensitive to Nec-1, including Ser14, Ser15, Ser161, and Ser166 (13).
  1. Meylan, E. and Tschopp, J. (2005) Trends Biochem Sci 30, 151-9.
  2. Hsu, H. et al. (1996) Immunity 4, 387-96.
  3. Stanger, B.Z. et al. (1995) Cell 81, 513-23.
  4. Ting, A.T. et al. (1996) EMBO J 15, 6189-96.
  5. Kelliher, M.A. et al. (1998) Immunity 8, 297-303.
  6. Devin, A. et al. (2000) Immunity 12, 419-29.
  7. Zhang, S.Q. et al. (2000) Immunity 12, 301-11.
  8. Lin, Y. et al. (1999) Genes Dev 13, 2514-26.
  9. Christofferson, D.E. and Yuan, J. (2010) Curr Opin Cell Biol 22, 263-8.
  10. Kaczmarek, A. et al. (2013) Immunity 38, 209-23.
  11. Degterev, A. et al. (2008) Nat Chem Biol 4, 313-21.
  12. Degterev, A. et al. (2005) Nat Chem Biol 1, 112-9.
  13. Ofengeim, D. and Yuan, J. (2013) Nat Rev Mol Cell Biol 14, 727-36.

Pathways & Proteins

Explore pathways + proteins related to this product.

Limited Uses

Except as otherwise expressly agreed in a writing signed by a legally authorized representative of CST, the following terms apply to Products provided by CST, its affiliates or its distributors. Any Customer's terms and conditions that are in addition to, or different from, those contained herein, unless separately accepted in writing by a legally authorized representative of CST, are rejected and are of no force or effect.

Products are labeled with For Research Use Only or a similar labeling statement and have not been approved, cleared, or licensed by the FDA or other regulatory foreign or domestic entity, for any purpose. Customer shall not use any Product for any diagnostic or therapeutic purpose, or otherwise in any manner that conflicts with its labeling statement. Products sold or licensed by CST are provided for Customer as the end-user and solely for research and development uses. Any use of Product for diagnostic, prophylactic or therapeutic purposes, or any purchase of Product for resale (alone or as a component) or other commercial purpose, requires a separate license from CST. Customer shall (a) not sell, license, loan, donate or otherwise transfer or make available any Product to any third party, whether alone or in combination with other materials, or use the Products to manufacture any commercial products, (b) not copy, modify, reverse engineer, decompile, disassemble or otherwise attempt to discover the underlying structure or technology of the Products, or use the Products for the purpose of developing any products or services that would compete with CST's products or services, (c) not alter or remove from the Products any trademarks, trade names, logos, patent or copyright notices or markings, (d) use the Products solely in accordance with CST's Product Terms of Sale and any applicable documentation, and (e) comply with any license, terms of service or similar agreement with respect to any third party products or services used by Customer in connection with the Products.

For Research Use Only. Not For Use In Diagnostic Procedures.
Cell Signaling Technology is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
PhosphoPlus is a trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
XP is a registered trademark of Cell Signaling Technology, Inc.
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