Immunoprecipitation of extracts from NIH/3T3 cells, untreated or treated with PDGF, using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (Magnetic Bead Conjugate) (lanes 1 and 2). Rabbit (DA1E) mAb IgG XP® Isotype Control (Magnetic Bead Conjugate) #8726 was used as a negative control (lanes 3 and 4). The western blot was probed using Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (587F11) Mouse mAb #4051.
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This Cell Signaling Technology antibody is immobilized by the covalent reaction of formylbenzamide-modified antibody with hydrazide-activated magnetic bead.
Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (Magnetic Bead Conjugate) is useful for immunoprecipitation of Akt phosphorylated at Ser473. This antibody is expected to exhibit the same species cross-reactivity as the unconjugated Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb #4060.
Supplied in PBS Buffer (pH 7.2), 0.1% Tween® 20. Store at 4°C. Do not aliquot the antibodies.
This protocol is intended for immunoprecipitation of native proteins for analysis by western immunoblot or kinase activity.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with reverse osmosis deionized (RODI) or equivalently purified water.
10X Cell Lysis Buffer: (#9803) 20 mM Tris (pH 7.5), 150 mM NaCl, 1 mM EDTA, 1 mM EGTA, 1% Triton X-100, 2.5 mM Sodium pyrophosphate, 1 mM β-glycerophosphate, 1 mM Na3VO4, 1 μg/ml Leupeptin
NOTE: CST recommends adding 1 mM PMSF (#8553) before use*.
Proceed to one of the following specific set of steps.
NOTE: To minimize masking caused by denatured IgG heavy chains (~50 kDa), we recommend using Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Light-Chain Specific) (L57A3) mAb (#3677) or Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb (#3678) (or HRP conjugate #5127). To minimize masking caused by denatured IgG light chains (~25 kDa), we recommend using Mouse Anti-Rabbit IgG (Conformation Specific) (L27A9) mAb (#3678) (or HRP conjugate #5127).
posted December 2007
Protocol Id: 408
Phospho-Akt (Ser473) (D9E) XP® Rabbit mAb (Magnetic Bead Conjugate) detects endogenous levels of Akt protein only when phosphorylated at Ser473.Species Reactivity:
Human, Mouse, Rat, Hamster, Monkey, D. melanogaster, Zebrafish, BovineSpecies predicted to react based on 100% sequence homology:
Monkey, Chicken, Xenopus, Dog, Pig
Monoclonal antibody is produced by immunizing animals with a synthetic phosphopeptide corresponding to residues around Ser473 of human Akt protein.
Akt, also referred to as PKB or Rac, plays a critical role in controlling survival and apoptosis (1-3). This protein kinase is activated by insulin and various growth and survival factors to function in a wortmannin-sensitive pathway involving PI3 kinase (2,3). Akt is activated by phospholipid binding and activation loop phosphorylation at Thr308 by PDK1 (4) and by phosphorylation within the carboxy terminus at Ser473. The previously elusive PDK2 responsible for phosphorylation of Akt at Ser473 has been identified as mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) in a rapamycin-insensitive complex with rictor and Sin1 (5,6). Akt promotes cell survival by inhibiting apoptosis through phosphorylation and inactivation of several targets, including Bad (7), forkhead transcription factors (8), c-Raf (9), and caspase-9. PTEN phosphatase is a major negative regulator of the PI3 kinase/Akt signaling pathway (10). LY294002 is a specific PI3 kinase inhibitor (11). Another essential Akt function is the regulation of glycogen synthesis through phosphorylation and inactivation of GSK-3α and β (12,13). Akt may also play a role in insulin stimulation of glucose transport (12). In addition to its role in survival and glycogen synthesis, Akt is involved in cell cycle regulation by preventing GSK-3β-mediated phosphorylation and degradation of cyclin D1 (14) and by negatively regulating the cyclin dependent kinase inhibitors p27 Kip1 (15) and p21 Waf1/Cip1 (16). Akt also plays a critical role in cell growth by directly phosphorylating mTOR in a rapamycin-sensitive complex containing raptor (17). More importantly, Akt phosphorylates and inactivates tuberin (TSC2), an inhibitor of mTOR within the mTOR-raptor complex (18,19).
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