Figure 1. Estrogen receptor α protein is detected from multiple cell lines using the PathScan® Total Estrogen Receptor α Sandwich ELISA Kit #80251. The absorbance readings at 450 nm are shown in the top figure, while the corresponding western blot using Estrogen Receptor α (D6R2W) Rabbit mAb #13258 is shown in the bottom figure.
Figure 2. The relationship between protein concentration of lysates from MCF7 cells and the absorbance at 450 nm as detected by the PathScan® Total Estrogen Receptor α Sandwich ELISA Kit #80251 is shown. MCF7 cells (85% confluence) were harvested and then lysed.
|Product Includes||Volume||Solution Color|
|Estrogen Receptor α Rabbit mAb Coated Microwells||96 tests|
|Estrogen Receptor α Mouse Detection mAb||1 ea||Green (Lyophilized)|
|Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked Antibody (ELISA Formulated)||1 ea||Red (Lyophilized)|
|Detection Antibody Diluent||11 ml||Green|
|HRP Diluent||11 ml||Red|
|TMB Substrate 7004||11 ml|
|STOP Solution 7002||11 ml|
|Sealing Tape||2 ea|
|ELISA Wash Buffer (20X) 9801||25 ml|
|ELISA Sample Diluent||25 ml||Blue|
|Cell Lysis Buffer (10X) 9803||15 ml|
The PathScan® Total Estrogen Receptor α Sandwich ELISA Kit is a solid phase sandwich enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) that detects endogenous levels of estrogen receptor α protein. An Estrogen Receptor α Rabbit mAb has been coated onto the microwells. After incubation with cell lysates, both phospho- and nonphospho-estrogen receptor α proteins are captured by the coated antibody. Following extensive washing, an Estrogen Receptor α Mouse Detection mAb is added to detect captured estrogen receptor α proteins. Anti-mouse IgG, HRP-linked antibody is then used to recognize the bound detection antibody. HRP substrate, TMB, is added to develop color. The magnitude of absorbance for the developed color is proportional to the quantity of estrogen receptor α protein.
Antibodies in the kit are custom formulations specific to the kit.
NOTE: Prepare solutions with purified water.
*NOTE: Some PathScan® ELISA Kits may include HRP-Linked Streptavidin in place of HRP-Linked Antibody.
NOTE: Initial color of positive reaction is blue, which changes to yellow upon addition of STOP Solution.
posted November 2013
Protocol Id: 204
PathScan® Total Estrogen Receptor α Sandwich ELISA Kit detects endogenous levels of estrogen receptor α protein in human cells, as shown in Figure 1. The kit sensitivity is shown in Figure 2. This kit detects proteins from the indicated species, as determined through in-house testing, but may also detect homologous proteins from other species.
Estrogen receptor α (ERα), a member of the steroid receptor superfamily, contains highly conserved DNA binding and ligand binding domains (1). Through its estrogen-independent and estrogen-dependent activation domains (AF-1 and AF-2, respectively), ERα regulates transcription by recruiting coactivator proteins and interacting with general transcriptional machinery (2). Phosphorylation at multiple sites provides an important mechanism to regulate ERα activity (3-5). Ser104, 106, 118, and 167 are located in the amino-terminal transcription activation function domain AF-1, and phosphorylation of these serine residues plays an important role in regulating ERα activity. Ser118 may be the substrate of the transcription regulatory kinase CDK7 (5). Ser167 may be phosphorylated by p90RSK and Akt (4,6). According to the research literature, phosphorylation at Ser167 may confer tamoxifen resistance in breast cancer patients (4).
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